On March 11, 2019, City Council passed Bylaw 812 regarding dogs. This regulation repeals Bylaw 754 and aims to introduce mechanisms for the revocation of dog licenses, to supervise at risk and potentially dangerous dog owners and to prohibit dangerous dogs on its territory.
Main provisions of the Regulation
Number of dogs allowed
It is forbidden to keep more than 2 dogs in a dwelling unit. It is forbidden to operate a kennel on the City's territory. However, when a female gives birth, puppies can be kept for a period of up to 3 months.
License and Medal
Dog owners must obtain the mandatory dog license from the City administration. A license and a medal are issued to any person who submits a complete application and pays the expected fees. The dog license is valid for the entire life of the dog, it is non-refundable and non-transferable.
The application for a dog license must indicate the name, surname, address and telephone number of the animal's keeper, as well as the breed, sex, weight, color, year of birth and name of the dog. The person making the request must present a valid photo ID with an address and proof of residence.
As of January 1, 2020, the applicant must submit proof of sterilization and evidence that the dog has a microchip, or written evidence from a veterinarian that either of these interventions is contraindicated for the dog.
Anyone keeping a dog must ensure that it wears its medal at all times while outside the home. It is the responsibility of the dog owner to declare to the City any change of address and the death, disappearance, sale or donation of the dog within 30 days of such change.
Revocation of the License
The municipal administration refuses to issue a new dog license or revokes such a license:
- When the competent authority declares that a dog is dangerous. The holder who sees his license revoked must dispose of the dog
- When a person has been found guilty of three rule violations, in the last five years. A holder who has his license revoked must dispose of the dog within 10 days after receiving the notice of revocation and submit the proof to the competent authority.
In addition, the holder whose license is revoked loses the right to obtain a license for a period of 5 years from the date of transmission of the notice of revocation or the order of euthanasia.
The dog's guardian must keep control of it at all times. The guardian must have the physical ability to constantly control the dog so that he cannot escape. Any dog outside the home must be on a leash. The leash must be a maximum length of 1.85 meters and be attached to a collar, halter or harness, with the exception of a guide or assistance dog.
Any at-risk dog must remain muzzled at all times while outside its dwelling unit. If the at-risk dog bites, attempts to bite, attacks, or attempts to attack a person again, without causing death, or attacks a pet again causing skin laceration, that dog is declared potentially dangerous or dangerous. The guardian of an at-risk dog must display a pictogram for this purpose at the main entrances of his residence and yard. This pictogram must be posted so that it is easily visible to anyone who may have access to the residence or property.
Potentially Dangerous Dog
Any potentially dangerous dog must remain muzzled at all times while outside its dwelling unit. If the potentially dangerous dog bites, attempts to bite, attacks or attempts to attack a person again, without causing death, or or attacks a pet again causing skin laceration, that dog is declared dangerous. The guardian of a potentially dangerous dog must display a pictogram for this purpose at the main entrances to his residence and yard. This pictogram must be posted so that it is easily visible to anyone who may have access to the residence or property. Any dog declared potentially dangerous must be registered in a register accessible to the public.
It is forbidden to have custody or possession of a dangerous dog on the City's territory. The guardian of a dangerous dog must have his dog euthanized within 48 hours of the order of euthanasia. The keeper of the dangerous dog must provide the written attestation of the veterinarian who performed the euthanasia within 72 hours of the death of his dog.
- It is forbidden to keep a dog attached by means of a restraining device, particularly a chain or a rope, for a period exceeding 3 hours.
- The presence of a dog inside a municipal building is prohibited, with the exception of guide dogs or assistance dogs.
- The presence of dogs in the City parks and on the Canal Boardwalk is prohibited at all times, except for guide or assistance dog. However, dogs are allowed in the following canine exercise areas: Saint-Pierre Park and Robillard Park.
- Leaving the dog outside without wearing the mandatory medal;
- Letting the dog cause damage to public property or the property of others;
- Keeping one or more dogs in a dwelling unit whose presence gives off odors likely to inconvenience the neighborhood;
- Not picking up by any means the dog's urine or feces in a dwelling unit, gallery or balcony;
- Allowing the dog to bark, moan or scream in ways that disturb a person's peace or tranquility;
- Allowing the dog to attack, bite, attempt to attack or bite a person or another animal;
- Leaving the dog on private land without the consent of the owner or occupant of the land;
- Being with the dog in a public place where a sign indicates that the presence of the dogs is forbidden.
- First offense: a minimum fine of $ 200 plus costs
- Second offense: minimum fine of $ 300 plus costs
- Subsequent offense: minimum fine of $ 400 plus costs
Stray Dog: dog that is not on a leash, that is not accompanied by a guardian, that is not on his guardian's yard and that does not have a medal to identify him
Dangerous dog: dog that has caused the death of a person or a pet OR dog at risk or dog potentially dangerous, having been declared dangerous by the competent authority
Guide Dog or Assistance Dog: any dog trained to increase the independence of a person with a disability
Hybrid Dog: dog resulting from a cross between a dog and a canine other than a dog
- dangerous dog
- hybrid dog
- dog brought temporarily to the territory of the City that has already bitten, tried to bite, attacked or attempted to attack a person or an animal
At Risk Dog:
- dog that has bitten, tried to bite, attacked or attempted to attack a person, without causing death
- dog that has bitten a domestic animal, causing skin lacerations
- dog that has committed a gesture that could affect the safety of a person or a domestic animal
Potentially Dangerous Dog: at risk dog that has been declared potentially dangerous by the competent authority
There are currently two dog parks in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue:
The Morgan Arboretum also accepts dogs on some of its trails. Dogs and guardians, however, must be registered. For more information, visit the Arboretum website.
In these parks, dog keepers must always pick up the feces of their dog.
NOTE: The presence of dogs in City parks and on the Canal Boardwalk is prohibited at all times, with the exception of guide dogs or assistance dogs that are allowed in all public places.
Any dog owner must obtain a medal issued by the City. Anyone who has custody of a dog must ensure that it wears the medal at all times when in a public place. All dogs must have a medal regardless of race or history. It is not uncommon for a dog usually kept indoors to come out of the house without the knowledge of its guardian. It is therefore important that it wears a medal.
Cost of the medal: $ 40, valid for the entire life of the dog
Registration fees are free for any service or assistance dog.
As of January 1, 2020, it will be mandatory to sterilize all dogs present on the territory of Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue. Proof of sterilization will be required at the time of purchase of the medal.
Why sterilize your dog?
There is consensus among animal experts that sterilization is essential in the responsible management of pets.
Benefits of sterilization:
- Contrary to popular belief, sterilization is not overweight in animals. It prevents several diseases (infections, tumors, cancer, etc.) and helps to increase the life expectancy of the animal
- Avoid unwanted behaviors. A sterilized pet at any age will have fewer hormonal behaviors such as urine marking, territorialism, homelessness and fighting.
- Reduces the tendency to run away and wander during the breeding season
- Greatly reduces urinary marking
- Eliminates symptoms of heat in females (bleeding, agitation)
- Helps control the population by limiting unwanted litters. You should know that a litter of puppies can have between four and twelve cubs and that several gestations can occur each year. Sterilization therefore reduces the number of orphans who do not find homes for adoption and prevents them from being euthanized.
Sterilization is painless
Preventing pain is a priority for veterinarians. The animals are placed under general anesthesia and are under analgesic before and after the operation. For females, as the operation is more invasive, veterinarians also prescribe an anti-inflammatory for the days following surgery.
Well aware of the need to show Quebeckers that veterinarians are very concerned about the large number of animal abandonments, the Quebec Association of Veterinary Surgeons practicing Small Animals (AMVQ) initiated the National Week of animal sterilization in Quebec (SNSAQ) and has continued for 6 years. Every year, more than 200 veterinary establishments and a majority of veterinary doctors participate in different ways in the SNSAQ.
From January 1, 2020, it will now be mandatory to provide a microchip all dogs in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue. Proof of microchip will be required at the time of purchase of the medal.
What is a microchip?
It is a very small capsule, about the size of a grain of rice, which contains a computer chip with a unique identification number. It is injected under the skin of the animal, between its shoulder blades, by means of a syringe.
During the intervention, the animal will feel a slight discomfort for a few seconds, but it will fade quickly. Sterilized and composed of biologically inert materials, the microchip is the safest method to identify an animal.
Why Should you Microchip your dog?
If your cat is lost and has no ID, it is impossible for anyone to contact you or bring your pet home. Most animals lost without ID are end up in shelters and if the owner can not be contacted, the animal may be euthanized. All shelters and vets are equipped with microchip scanners. Thus, any stray or injured animal can be quickly identified, its owner contacted and any necessary treatment can be started without delay.
Benefits of the microchip:
- Unique identification of the animal
- One implantation, good for the entire life of the animal
- Allows to find the animal in case of loss or theft
- Helps resolve disputes over the ownership of an animal
- Helps to save expenses for a stay in an animal shelter
- Decreases the number of unnecessary euthanasia
- Is mandatory to be able to travel to some countries with your pet
Owning a pet is a lot of responsabilities and costs money:
- A strong commitment for many years to come;
- Covering the costs of sterilization and annual identification;
- Covering the costs related to its food and care (nails, ears, coat, grooming etc.);
- Covering the costs of regular veterinarian care (shots, protection against flees, heartworm, etc.) and unforeseen expenses;
- Covering boarding costs (when on vacation);
- Daily walks (for dogs);
- More frequent house cleaning (pet hair, sand, etc.)...
Moving or going on vacation ?
If you are moving or going on vacation, please don't leave your pet homeless and searching on its own for a new address! Find your pet a new home instead of leaving it to fend for itself.
Contact a local shelter or a local organization!
Be responsible: animals are not consumer goods!